Отель «control to blame for obesity» количество звезд отеля

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Over the years, I have reviewed a number of books on nutrition, several by Michael Pollan. This column will summarize some key ideas from a book by Deborah Cohen, MD, who has a master’s degree in epidemiology, and is employed at the RAND corporation in the area of public health. Her book is on the obesity epidemic in our country. (I will later mention the book title and its ISBN number.) Key facts: Two thirds of American adults are either overweight or obese. One third of our adult population is obese. One third of American children are either overweight or obese. adult in six was obese. There is a widespread assumption that people who are overweight or obese lack self control. Dr. Cohen’s book proves this prejudice to be wrong. But before I go any further, what does it mean to be overweight? Or obese? Without using a math formula, I will give some numbers for my height (5’8″), an average height for males. If I weigh 164 pounds or more, I would be overweight. But if I weighed 197 pounds or more, I would be obese. Overweight means having a body mass index of 25 to 30. Obese means having a body mass index of 30 or more. Your body mass index = 704 x Your body weight in pounds divided by the (inches of your height)squared. In the metric system, body mass index is your mass in kilograms divided by your height in meters squared. Use the same formula for both males and females, regardless of adult age. Now the obesity rate in America is higher than countries such as Japan, Costa Rica, Sweden and Finland. Should we conclude that Americans are weak willed compared to the adults in these other developed countries? Dr. Cohen says that is nonsense. obesity rate has doubled over the past 30 years. Should we assume that current American adults have less self control than those of a generation ago? cheap jerseys Dr. Cohen disagrees. Dr. Cohen blames the obesity problem in 21st century America on two forces: One. Human nature, which has limited self control, decision making in the brain’s non cognitive systems (about eating), and the automatic and unconscious ways that we are driven (hard wired) to eat. Two. A radically transformed food environment in our grocery stores, restaurants, vending machines, prices, portion sizes, marketing and presence in newspaper ads, television shows and even movies (showing people eating). Does government make a difference? There are two outlooks. «We are all in this together» with sensible regulations to curb unhealthy food, overeating (all you can eat events), and being sure that food for consumption is not tainted with diseases. The second outlook is «You are on your own» letting the eater beware with a minimum of regulations, harkening back two centuries ago when infectious diseases such as cholera, tuberculosis, gastroenteritis and typhoid thrived. Studies in Cohen’s book reveal that most diets don’t work. But some groups have succeeded in keeping weight off. In one study (by the National Weight Control Registry), successful controllers of their weight eat breakfast 78 per cent of the time, 75 per cent weigh themselves each week, 60 per cent watch less than 10 hours of television a week and 90 per cent average an hour of exercise each day. In this study, these individuals have lost an average of 66 pounds and have kept it off for 5.5 years. Most diets fail because of deprivation of calories. Your brain consumes 20 to 25 percent of your calories. Making tough decisions exhausts the glucose in your brain. This leads to more difficulty in making decisions about eating and makes you more http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ prone to temptation. So by eating a snack, the brain gets more glucose and you feel better. More snacking leads to weight gain. So it is a vicious cycle. We in America are surrounded by enticing food in our grocery stores and fast food places. The irony of it is that cheap food has more calories and it leads to poorer Americans becoming overweight. As for myself, I will have a knee transplant locally in mid December; I need to exercise daily to keep my muscles strong around my bad knee and keep my weight down. The full title of Dr. Cohen’s book is «The Big Fat Crisis: The Hidden Forces Behind the Obesity Epidemic and How We Can End It». It was published by Nation Books in 2014 and has ISBN 978 1 56858 967 1 (Hardback). I invite any comments by readers: if there’s interest, future columns will cover some other insights from this book. SKY SIGHTS AHEAD: This evening, we are closest to the planet Uranus for the year. Uranus is 1,765 million miles away from us. Light reaching us from Uranus’ cloud tops has taken two hours and 38 minutes to reach us. Uranus is barely visible to the unaided eye and is in Pisces, just south of the fishing line leading to the Western Fish.
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